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It takes experience to call turkeys, the type of practice that irritates people who don’t appreciate stuff like the sound of a perfect yelp or how a piece of roughed up glass and a stick will help you to interact with a wild animal.
But why do you need to make a turkey caller?
Wild turkeys communicate with each other using a language of gobbles, yelps, putts, purrs, and other sounds. Hunters use devices named turkey calls to mimic these sounds and thus lure turkeys within firing range. Stores and online vendors sell turkey calls, but many hunters choose to create their own.
You might be wondering,
Why will anybody make turkey calls at home because they can be purchased online or at a sporting goods store? For starters, it gives you the satisfaction of making your own decisions. It would save you money in certain situations (if you already have the equipment) and is a necessary skill for someone who is self-sufficient. Having a turkey caller is indeed a great way to spend the winter months!
Types Of Turkey Calls
Before we get into how to make fantastic turkey callers, it’s a good idea to first hear about the different kinds of calls you can make. Here are six traditional turkey calls to add to your calling repertoire this spring.
- Push-button Calls
The friction of two pieces of wood grinding together produces sound in a push-button call. The caller presses up and down on a spring-loaded wooden dowel that is fixed to a block of wood. The wooden block rubs against a pyramid-shaped piece of wood fixed to the bottom of the call box, producing various sound effects based on how quickly or slowly the dowel is pressed. Push-button calls are well-known for their simplicity. Many seasoned hunters would not use them because they think they are just for novices. Though they may be easy, their efficacy does not suffer as a result.
- Slate Calls
Another kind of friction-based call is a slate call, also known as a pot call. A slate call is a circular disk or “pot” made of slate, ceramic, or glass that is used in conjunction with a striker. The striker, which is made of wood, carbon, or aluminum, is used to produce various sounds when it comes into contact with the surface of the pot. The striker scrapes the disc at different angles, speeds, and intensities to produce almost every turkey sound you might think of. The amount of sounds and patterns that a slate call can make is only constrained by the caller’s expertise and experience.
- Locator Calls
Locator calls may be used to find a tom early in the morning when he is already on the roost, or later in the day to pinpoint his position inside a patch of woods or a plain. There are many methods you can use to make more natural sounds, depending on the kind of locator call you are using. The most important thing to note is to be in a place that you can conveniently disappear if you call and a gobbler is still within firing distance.
- Diaphragm Calls
Diaphragm calls, also known as mouth calls, are thin, horseshoe-shaped instruments that generate sound by vibrating a rubber or latex reed. The caller blows air onto the roof of their mouth while keeping the diaphragm call in their mouth, contacting the reed and causing a series of vibrations. Hunters can mimic almost every turkey sound by adjusting the pressure of the air and the direction of the tongue.
- Box Calls
A box call is a common turkey call that is simple enough for beginners but flexible enough for experts. A box call, like a push-button call, produces sound by friction. A small wooden box and a wooden lid (or paddle) scrape together to produce yelps, clucks, cuts, purrs, cackles, whines, and other sounds. Master this call and you’ll be unstoppable to a tom.
- Wing Bone Calls
The original turkey calls are wing bone calls. As the name implies, these calls are made from the wing bones of a turkey, which are pieced together to form an instrument that early hunters used to entice gobblers even before commercial calls were available. Wing bone calls are incredibly simple to use. The caller will make a yelp or sequence of yelps by merely tightening the lips around the end of the wing bone and creating a puckering or kissing sound.
How To Make A Turkey Caller
One of the stuff that most turkey hunters like to know before going turkey hunting is how to make their own turkey calls. Let’s take a look at those turkey calls you should start making right now.
1. Pill Bottle Turkey Call
All who hunt turkeys should make their own turkey calls. They don’t need any special instruments, because you already have anything you need lying around the building. The following are materials required for you to get started with making pill bottle turkey callers.
Tools You Need
- Pill bottle
- Disposable latex gloves
- Rubber band
- Permanent marker
- Sharp cutting knife
Steps To Follow
- To begin, cut the end of your pill bottle.
- The next move is to draw a half-circle on the pill bottle’s cap and then fill it in.
- Once that is done, cut out the half-circle of the pill bottle’s cap.
- Next, use your scissors to cut a 3×3-inch square from your latex gloves.
- Cover the bottle with the cap and spread the latex glove squares over the hole, leaving a quarter inch on the half-circles flat part.
- After that, fix it in place using the rubber band.
- Finally, a pill bottle turkey call has been made. It is really easy to use. Simply keep the latex-coated cap in your hand, bring the end to your lips, and blast. You have the ability to produce yelps, clucks, and even gobbles.
2. Wing Bone Turkey Call
This turkey call with wing bone is perfect for making accurate yelps. It needs some practice, and you don’t have to blast as hard.
Tools You Need
- Turkey wings
- Sharp skinning knife
- Cooking pot
- Dawn dishwashing soap
- Wire brush
- Hack saw
- Epoxy Glue
Steps To Follow
- Take the wings from the last gobbler and set them aside. If you’ve recently captured one, you’ll need to skin it and then scrape the meat. It necessitates the use of a razor-sharp knife.
- Get out your boiling pot, get the water to a boil, and then let it steam for a while on low heat. Mix with the Borax and Dawn dishwashing liquid.
- Put your defleshed and skinned turkey wing bones in a pot of simmering water for about an hour.
- Use your hands to clean off any meat, drain your cooking pot, and add some more clean water.
- Before adding the wing bones, bring the clean water you just put in the pot to a boil and let it simmer for a few minutes. Allow them to boil for another hour or so inside the jar.
- Drain the filthy water from the pot and carefully scrub the turkey wing bones with all meat and fat with a wire brush or a very sharp knife.
- Take 3 wing bones and gently cut both ends with a hacksaw. Be sure you’re not using too much energy, or you’ll end up breaking the bone.
- Cut the smaller end of the larger bone close to where it begins so that you can flame it out. Cut the widest point of the bone on the greater side of the bone.
- By blowing through the bones like a straw, you will remove all of the bone marrow. To extract all of the marrow from larger bones, use a screwdriver.
- Attach the bones from end to end with care. The largest portion of the small bone would be incorporated into the smallest part of the medium bone. The largest portion of the medium bone blends into the smallest part of the big bone. Sharpen the ends of the bones with your knife until they come together better.
- Make a permanent seal with your epoxy glue and fill up some cracks with the same glue. If you do not do this, the call will not work properly. It must be locked. And make sure you’ve sealed all of the ties as well.
- After about ten minutes, apply the superglue and then wrap all of the joints with thread for a clean overall appearan
3. Can Clucker Turkey Call
This turkey call is a home-made variation of the turkey pot call. You’ll need a striker, which you’re likely to have if you’ve been turkey hunting.
Tools You Need
- Empty chewing tobacco can
- A thin piece of cedar that’s been sanded and formed into circles so that it can fit comfortably in the can
- A slate cut that’ll comfortably fit inside the can
- Glue. What will work best, though, is a heated glue can that has glue sticks
Steps To Follow
- Remove the cap from the can and drill 5 holes in it. One hole should be in the middle, with the other four in a square pattern equidistant from the center hole.
- Glue cedar about 12 inches longer than the can lid. Apply hot glue (a single bead) around the insides of the can, and then force the cedar into it as the glue cools.
- Do the same for the slate surface within the can’s lip as you will the cedar sounding board.
- Sand any of the can’s rough edges, and then add the cap.
4. Hand Jig Mouth Calls
This is the solution for you if you want to use a special jig designed especially to make turkey mouth calls.
Tools You Need
- Hand Jig (Feather Ridge Hand Jigs are preferable)
- Three latex pieces for the mouth call
Steps To Follow
- Apply pressure to the hand jig of your choice and position your rubber bits between the clamps.
- Remove the support after clamping the rubber bits.
- Use the dial to set the side tension.
- Turn the hand jig to the right, grab the base, and gently bend it on the metal side.
- Turn the hand jig back upright.
- After removing the file, crimp the case. That would make it easier for the frame to slide over the latex.
- Crimp the metal frame that’s been covered by the latex
- Reduce the clamp strain before removing the latex. That would result in a turkey caller that has no back tension.
- To restore tension, softly draw on the latex parts behind the U-curve formation until there is a small’smile’ or curve in the latex.
- Use your pliers to hold the U and bend the tab a little to keep the back tension in place.
- Pinch the tab with your pliers so that it is parallel with the metal base. It keeps the stress at bay.
- Use your scissors to trim off all the excess latex. Make all the cuts you want to make.
- The tape creates an oblong-shaped opening before wrapping around the frame. It will have a strong grip and will fit easily in the mouth. Don’t let the tape and latex come into contact with each other.
With that out of the way, you are now ready to build your own turkey caller. Remember, a turkey call is just as good as the person using it. Those with a keen ear make the better callers. The trick is that live turkeys generally sound terrible in contrast to their human impersonators; therefore, they mistake everything they hear as another of their sort.
A live turkey is normally frightened by the rhythm and suspicious over-calling.
So, if you’re new to calling or have a few seasons under your belt, these tips should help you refine your technique—and make you the best turkey caller around. Having a turkey caller can seem difficult at first. This article is crucial in shedding light on how to quickly create your own caller.